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Исследовательская работа: 
The great female leaders who changed the course of history

4. Queen Elizabeth I

The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was the last monarch of the House of Tudor. Elizabeth I is considered to be one of the most successful and popular monarchs of England.

She is the most prominent representative of the English absolutism. Being clever, enigmatic and flirtatious, she could rewrite the rules of being Queen. But what was Elizabeth really like?

I am more afraid of making a fault in my Latin than of the Kings of Spain, France, Scotland, the whole House of Guise, and all of their confederates.

The combination of power with the mind forms the best consonance in the world.

I have so much intelligence and talent in me that if tomorrow I'm kicked out of England in one skirt, I will still thrive anywhere in the Christian world.

Queen Elizabeth I Tudor

Elizabeth was brought up by governesses and tutors and used to spend her days studying Greek and Latin with the Cambridge scholar, Roger Ascham. Later Katherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife, took a keen interest in young Elizabeth and made sure that she was educated to the highest standards.

Elizabeth learned the art of public speaking which was unheard of for women at the time. And the ability to address a large number of people, from ministers in Parliament to troops on the battlefield, helped her in the future. She learnt how to turn the tide of opinion in her favour, and this became one of her most effective weapons.

“17 November 1558 it is said that Princess Elizabeth was sitting under an oak tree at Hatfield House when a horseman appeared with the news that would change her life forever”.

[Alexandra Briscoe. Assistant Producer on Simon Schama's A History of Britain, specializing in the reign of Elizabeth I for the programme entitled The Body of the Queen].

Елизавета 1

The period of Elizabeth`s reign is known as a Golden Age.It was a time of extravagance and luxury in which a flourishing popular culture was expressed through writers such as Shakespeare, and explorers like Drake and Raleigh sought to expand England's territory overseas. This sense of well-being was embodied by Queen Elizabeth.

The international policy of Elizabeth defended the interests of Protestantism. She helped the French Huguenots and in 1562-1564 had a war with France. She turned down the proposal of the Spain king Philip II to marry him and helped the Netherlanders revolting against Spain dominion.

After the execution of Mary Stuart Philip sent "Invincible Armada" against England which suffered a crushing defeat from the English fleet in the English Channel in 1588. Elizabeth became famous for the oath given to her soldiers at the most dangerous moment promising to fall together with them in the battle.
The Speech to the Troops at Tilbury.

The victory over the Armada earned her the glory of the new mistress of the seas. It strengthened the international position of England.

Elizabeth patronized culture and literature. With her, English culture reached its highest peak.Her reign is associated with the remarkable names of poets of playwrights and scientists. Those are William Shakespeare, Francis Bacon, Benjamin Jonson and Christopher Marlowe.

Elizabeth's greatest achievement lays in the relationship she had forged with her people. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed.

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