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Исследовательская работа: 
Проект "Acronyms in English language"

5. Acronyms. How acronyms are used?

How acronyms are used?
Who uses acronyms?
Why acronyms are used?

Research

1. Japan hopes the 55-year-old daughter of late President John F. Kennedy will work closely with Barack Obama to tackle some urgent U.S.-Japan matters, analysts said…”from the article “Caroline Kennedy arrives in Tokyo to take up State Department post” of “Daily News” published the 15th November, 2013. U.S. – an acronym which mean United States.

The type of the shortened word:


John F. Kennedy - an abbreviation of proper names;
U.S. – an acronym which mean United States.
Full form of the shortened word: U.S. – United States.

2. Everybody wants their ads to go viral," says Ted Marzilli, CEO of consumer perception research firm BrandIndex…”

The type of the shortened word: an acronym.

Full form of the shortened word: Chief Executive Officer.

3. Mixing regret and some I-told-you-so attitude, Ryan said he and GOP presidential nominee Mitt Romney "didn't quite deliver" during their bid for the White House last year…” This is an extract from the article “Paul Ryan to Iowans: Next time 'be a little more skeptical” from “USA Today” published 17th November, 2013.

The type of the shortened word:

GOP – an acronym.
didn't - a grammatical contraction
Full form of the shortened word:
GOP – US Republican political party - Grand Old Party;
didn
't - did not.

4. Programming languages such as Pascal, COBOL, and Fortran were developed for business and scientific applications…Today, the most commonly used computers are desktop PCs, and data is generally stored on hard drives or USB drives…”

The type of the shortened word:


COBOL – an acronym.
PCs – an acronym.
USB – an acronym.

Full form of the shortened word:

1)COBOL – Common Business-Oriented Language.
2)PCs – Personal Computer in plural form.
3)USB - Universal Serial Bus.

“5…Web sites are often built with HTML, XML, CSS, ASP.NET, Java and JavaScript…”

The type of the shortened word: acronyms.

Full form of the shortened word:

ROM is typically used to store things that will never change for the life of the computer, such as low level portions of an operating system…”

The type of the shortened word: an acronym.

Full form of the shortened word: Read Only Memory.

“6… The most famous example of a command line interface is the UNIX shell…” [33]

The type of the shortened word: an acronym.

Full form of the shortened word: Uniplexed Information and Computing System.

7. It grew out of an earlier language called SIMPLE, written in 1958 by Richard K. Bennett…”

The type of the shortened word: an acronym.


Full form of the shortened word: Simulation of Industrial Management Problems with Lots of Equations.

8. “…BASIC was designed as a teaching language in 1963 by John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz of Dartmouth College…” [34] BASIC - an acronym,

The type of the shortened word: an acronym.

Full form of the shortened word: Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.

9. “…Eiffel is a computer language in the public domain. Its evolution is controlled by NICE, but it is open to any interested party…”

The type of the shortened word: an acronym.

Full form of the shortened word: Nonprofit International Consortium for Eiffel.

10. The major kinds of digital processors are: CISC, RISC, DSP, and hybrid…”

The type of the shortened word:

CISC – an acronym.
RISC - an acronym.
DSP - an initial abbreviation.

Full form of the shortened word:

  • CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer.
  • RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computer.
  • DSP - Digital Signal Processing.

Перейти к разделу: 6. Reduction and abbreviation of acronyms

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